Neurological

The public stigma of depression decreased from 2006 to 2018

HealthDay News – The public stigma about depression appears to have decreased, according to a study published online on JAMA Network Open on Dec. 21.

Bernice A. Pescosolido, Ph.D., of Indiana University at Bloomington, and colleagues used data collected by U.S. National Stigma Studies to determine the nature, direction, and extent of population-related changes in stigma of mental illness in the United States USA to investigate. In 1996, 2006 and 2018 a total of 1,438, 1,520 and 1,171 people aged 18 and over were surveyed.

The researchers found that between 1996 and 2006, the number of respondents advocating scientific attributions for schizophrenia, depression, and alcohol addiction increased (11.8, 13.0, and 10.9 percent, respectively). The desire for social distance decreased in the case of depression at work, socializing, friendship, family marriage and shared apartments in the later period (2006 to 2018) (18.1, 16.7, 9.7, 14.3 and 10.4 percent, respectively) . The changes were inconsistent and sometimes regressive, especially in the dangerousness of schizophrenia (15.7 percent increase from 1996 to 2018) and bad character for alcohol addiction (18.2 percent increase from 1996 to 2018). The change seemed to be compatible with the age and the generation change in two cohorts (1937 to 1946 and 1987 to 2000).

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“In light of evidence that levels of stigma may be decreasing, strategies to identify factors associated with decreasing stigma in depression, to address stagnation or regression in other disorders and to move beyond current scientific boundaries, are imperative. to counter the contribution of mental illness to the global burden of disease and improve the health of the population, ”the authors write.

Several authors have disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry.

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