Washington: A new study uncovered a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adults with moderate chronic kidney disease and found that metabolic syndrome increased their risk of premature death and cardiovascular problems.
The results of the study were published in the “Journal of Internal Medicine”.
Of 5,110 adults in Germany with chronic kidney disease, 64.3 percent also had a metabolic syndrome.
During the 6.5 year follow-up period, 605 patients died and 650 suffered major cardiovascular events (such as heart attacks and strokes). Patients with metabolic syndrome had a 26 percent higher risk of death and a 48 percent higher risk of cardiovascular events.
The risk steadily increased with an increasing number of components of the metabolic syndrome, such as increased waist circumference, blood sugar levels, triglycerides and blood pressure, and decreased HDL cholesterol.
“While our study revealed a shockingly high incidence of metabolic syndrome in this high-risk patient population, there is a motivating message for our patients: Any avoided component of metabolic syndrome could significantly lower the risk of a cardiovascular endpoint or premature death,” said Senior author Dr. Florian Kronenberg from the Medical University of Innsbruck in Austria.