HealthDay News – Most hospital survivors of COVID-19 have good physical and functional recovery a year after acute infection, but health is lower than controls, according to a study published online in The Lancet, Aug. 28 has been published.
Lixue Huang, MD, of Capital Medical University in Beijing, and colleagues conducted an ambidirectional cohort study of COVID-19 survivors discharged between January 7 and May 29, 2020. Visits after six and twelve months.
The researchers found that the proportion of patients with at least one secondary symptom decreased from 68 to 49 percent between six and twelve months. The proportion with dyspnea rose slightly from 26 to 30 percent. The proportion of patients with anxiety or depression also increased (from 23 to 26 percent). No significant difference was observed for the distance traveled in six minutes between six and twelve months. Of the patients who were employed prior to COVID-19, 88 percent had returned to their original work after 12 months. Compared to men, women had an increased risk of fatigue and muscle weakness, anxiety or depression and diffusion disorders (odds ratio 1.43, 2.00 and 2.97, respectively). Compared to controls, COVID-19 survivors had more mobility problems, pain or discomfort, and anxiety or depression, and they had more symptoms.
“In order to better characterize the natural course and pathogenesis of the long-term health consequences of COVID-19, an ongoing longitudinal study is necessary,” the authors write.
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COVID19 General Medicine General Neurology