Infectious Disease

COVID-19 Delta variant associated with more hospital stays for pregnant women

HealthDay News – Unvaccinated pregnant patients are increasingly being hospitalized with COVID-19 during the surge in Delta variant, according to a research letter published online in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology on Sept. 13.

Emily H. Adhikari, MD, of Southwestern Medical Center at the University of Texas at Dallas, and colleagues reported disease severity trends in obstetric patients with COVID-19 related to the predominance of delta variants and described COVID-19 vaccinations in one Cohort at a public district hospital (universal COVID-19 screening) and its 10 associated community prenatal clinics (symptom-based testing).

The researchers found that from May 17, 2020 to September 4, 2021, 1,515 pregnant patients were diagnosed with COVID-19, with 0.5 percent having reinfection> 90 days after the initial infection during pregnancy. Almost half of the infections (45 percent) were identified in maternity and delivery wards or inpatient units. Serious or critical illness during pregnancy was observed in 5.4 percent of patients with COVID-19, including 11 patients who required mechanical ventilation, two died but their neonates survived, and two fetal-neonatal-related deaths related to a critical one Illness of the mother. With the delta variant, both the case volume and the proportion of severe or critical illnesses increased significantly, with more than a quarter of pregnant patients being admitted with a severe or critical illness between August 29 and September 4, 2021. Of the 665 patients who were still pregnant or immediately after giving birth when vaccines were available, 21.4 percent received at least one dose of an available vaccine.

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“Our results underscore the urgency of the need for preventive measures, including COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy,” the authors write.

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