Diabetes is one of the deadliest diseases in America – and yet, if you don’t have it, you think it couldn’t happen to you. However, according to doctors, there is no harm in knowing the signs of diabetes. “It is extremely important to know your risk of diabetes and to get screened for diabetes early if you are concerned about your risk. A simple blood test can show you your risk. “ says Dr. Deena Adimoolam, a Yale-trained endocrinologist specializing in diabetes, nutrition as medicine, and metabolic health. Read on for the 7 Most Worrying Symptoms – And To Ensure Your Health And The Health Of Others, Don’t Miss Out On These Safe Signs That You Have ‘Long’ COVID And May Not Even Know It.
If you develop diabetes, you may have polydipsia – increased thirst – or polyuria – frequent, excessive urination. These are very common and it is all due to your kidneys. Your kidneys are the organs that filter and absorb glucose. When you have diabetes, you have excess glucose. “High glucose levels act like a diuretic that leads to excessive urination. This excessive urination can then lead to extreme thirst and dehydration if you cannot keep up with your fluid intake, ”says Dr. Adimoolam.
It’s natural to feel hungry after a long workout or a long breakfast. But diabetes can be hungry for seemingly no reason – and find that food doesn’t relieve the pain. There is actually a medical term for being hungry with diabetes – it is called polyphagia. “Diabetes is defined by a problem with a hormone called insulin,” says Dr. Adimoolam. “Insulin is important so that glucose can enter cells where it can be used for energy. In type 1 diabetes, there is a lack of insulin production. In type 2 diabetes, the body is resistant to the effects of insulin (insulin resistance). Since this glucose cannot get into the cells to be used for energy, your body feels that you need more food for energy and is looking for food for energy used. “
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If you suspect that blurred vision in diabetes is due to blood sugar issues, good job: you were paying attention. The lens of your eye swells when blood sugar levels are high and body water is drawn into the lens. You may also have damage to the blood vessels in the retina; they can become weak and thin, and leak a fatty protein called exudate. This makes it difficult to see.
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If your blood sugar is uncontrolled, you may have hyperglycemia, which can cause nausea, fruity breath, shortness of breath and dry mouth, or high blood sugar, and you may experience a lack of energy. “Patients with diabetes cannot use the high glucose level in the body for energy production – therefore they feel exhausted”, says Dr. Adimoolam.
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A scratch or scrape is nothing for most people, but for diabetics it can lead to a serious problem that leads to infection. For example, diabetics have been known to develop foot ulcers – wounds on the feet that may never heal. Why? There is a direct link between blood sugar and healing. “When it comes to the primary closure of surgical wounds in high-risk patients, poor blood sugar control is significantly associated with poorer results,” says the final to learn. “Every effort should be made to ensure strict control in both the chronic and subacute perioperative phases.” “Chronic exposure to high levels of glucose results in blood vessel disease (what we call ‘vascular complications of diabetes’),” says DR. Adimoolam. “When blood vessels are damaged, blood flow to those specific areas of the body is restricted, resulting in slow wound healing. “
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You may have numbness or tingling in your hands or feet due to diabetes. The reason for this is diabetic neuropathy, a nerve damage that “can affect up to 50% of people with diabetes,” say the doctors Mayo Clinic. You may also have pain or cramps. Or have proximal neuropathy (diabetic polyradiculopathy) – “This type of neuropathy – also called diabetic amyotrophy – often affects nerves in the thighs, hips, buttocks, or legs. It can also affect the abdomen and chest area, ”says the clinic.
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Dark patches of skin – called acanthosis nigricans – can be a sign of diabetes or, much less often, certain types of cancer. You will usually see the velvety folds in the folds of your skin – mainly on the back of your neck and armpits. What is causing it? Usually insulin resistance, which is why this is so common in diabetics. “Too much insulin stimulates an increase in the abnormal growth of these skin cells,” says Dr. Adimoolam.
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Look out for this symptom and the others mentioned here, and see a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms. “Getting some physical activity every day can help lower blood sugar and potentially prevent type 2 diabetes,” says DR. Adimoolam. “Daily activity can even help you lose weight and improve your heart health.” And for the healthiest way through this pandemic, don’t miss these 35 places that are most likely to get COVID.
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