Dangers of Obesity:
Do you know that obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death after smoking? Obesity is so dangerous and serious! Obesity is a chronic and progressive disease that affects every organ in the body and affects almost every aspect, be it a person’s physical, psychological, or social well-being. Most of the people who suffer from obesity do not consider being overweight a problem. They only seek expert help if they develop one or the other medical problem related to being overweight.
Obesity is a precursor to various other diseases such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, heart disease, stroke, certain cancers, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, gout, infertility, lung disease, obstructive sleep apnea, sexual dysfunction, and mental health issues like depression, to name but a few to name a few. These comorbid conditions can be prevented if obesity is treated at the right time, ie before these problems arise.
In terms of Covid-19 risk, Public Health England has estimated that obesity could increase the risk of death associated with Covid-19 by 40% to 90% depending on the severity of obesity.
In addition, the social prejudice, prejudice, and discrimination faced by obese people can make them unwilling to seek medical help – not just because of obesity, but also because of related health problems. Obesity is declared a global epidemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the number of people suffering from obesity in India as a percentage of the total population is rapidly increasing.
Shame doesn’t help:
Societies around the world refer to people suffering from obesity as “lazy”, “unregulated”, among other things. However, obesity is often caused by several factors such as genetic predisposition, metabolic disorders, hormonal imbalance, side effects of certain drugs, etc. that are beyond the control of these people.
Regardless of what caused weight gain, most people with obesity benefit from seeking medical help from experts. Before examining why medical attention is needed for obesity, let us understand how obesity is defined.
The most common parameter used to define obesity is the BMI (Body Mass Index). The BMI is a measure of your weight in relation to your height.
The World Health Organization (WHO) regards a BMI> = 30 kg / m2 as class I obesity. BMI> = 35 kg / m2 is class II – severe obesity, and BMI> = 40 is class III – severe obesity. The limit values for the BMI to define obesity are lower for Indians than for Western people. For Indians, BMI> = 25 is considered class 1 obesity, while> = 30 is considered class II obesity – severe obesity.
Why Can’t Diet and Exercise Control Severe Obesity?
Low-calorie diets and exercise are the most popular methods of fighting obesity around the world. Although eating healthy and exercising can reduce the weight load in overweight individuals or those with mild obesity, these methods cannot treat severe obesity in the long term because the body has adapted to a higher weight level in those with severe obesity. In these individuals, even if there is an initial weight loss on diet, the weight will rebound, resulting in further weight gain and obesity progression. The calorie restriction is counteracted by the body’s mechanisms that lower metabolism and increase hunger, which ensures weight gain.
Similarly, a review of 80 studies found that exercise alone resulted in minimal weight loss. People tend to overeat after exercising without realizing it as their body tries to make up for the loss of energy.
Most severely obese people who try diet and exercise will succeed initially but eventually lose weight. This is more due to the effects of hormones controlling body fat and energy levels than to their lack of willpower or improper nutrition.
There is a documented observation that a person with a BMI> = 35 kg / m2 has less than 1% chance of permanent weight loss with lifestyle changes alone.
What is the solution?
The first step is to realize that obesity is a serious disease that, like any other disease like type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, needs specialized medical attention. The second step is to contact an obesity expert to find appropriate treatment options. Patients with severe osteoarthritis must be treated by a joint replacement surgeon. Likewise, individuals with severe obesity require bariatric and metabolic surgery.
In Indians, minimally invasive bariatric surgery (weight loss) is indicated if the BMI in diabetes or other obesity-related comorbid conditions is> = 32.5 kg / m2. or if the BMI is> = 37.5 kg / m2 even without obesity-related comorbid conditions.
Bariatric and metabolic surgeries result in long-lasting weight loss and long-term remission from type 2 diabetes. In this way, they also reduce the risk of Covid-19-related morbidity and mortality.
These surgeries can prevent multiple comorbid conditions from occurring and can correct the same illnesses in multiple people if they have already developed these problems.
Due to Covid-19, many doctors offer online consultations these days. It is easy to book an appointment at an obesity center of your choice and discuss the obesity problem with the specialists at your convenience.
Obesity can be treated with long lasting results. Do not neglect being overweight, even if you do not have another medical illness. Seek expert help before it’s too late. The time to take action is NOW!
(This story was posted by a wire agency feed with no changes to the text.)
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