Heart failure can be passed on from generation to generation. Several hereditary factors put people at higher risk if their family members have heart failure, such as: B. high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy and complications due to diabetes.If youA number of conditions can also lead to heart failure, including conditions that directly affect the heart such as rheumatic fever and infections such as endocarditis or myocarditis.
AE Pictures Inc. / Getty Images
What is heart failure?
Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump oxygenated and nutrient-rich blood to the cells that need it to function properly in the body. Both sides of the heart can be affected by heart failure, and its inability to function optimally can lead to a number of problems, including:If youIf you
- Blood and fluid collect in the lungs
- Edema (fluid build-up) in the lower extremities of the body (legs, ankles, and feet)
- Fatigue and shortness of breath
Demographically, heart failure is more common in adults aged 65 and over. Groups who are more likely to have heart failure include black people, overweight or obese people, and men.If youIf you
There are four stages of heart failure, ranging from a high risk of developing heart failure to advanced heart failure. While a person is going through the stages of the disease, the condition cannot be rolled back to an earlier stage. Because of this, it is important to detect heart failure early so that treatment can be started to slow the progression of the disease.If youIf you
Common causes and risks
According to the American Heart Association, the majority of people who develop heart failure have or have had another problem with their heart. The most common ones that can lead to heart failure are a previous heart attack, coronary artery disease, and high blood pressure.If youDiabetes, obesity, and valvular heart disease can also contribute to heart failure.If youIf you
Certain risk factors are also known to increase the chances of getting CHF, including:If youIf you
- Consume foods high in fat, high in cholesterol
- Not getting enough exercise
- Excessive alcohol consumption
Hereditary factors can also play a role in heart failure, as many diseases that lead to CHF are passed down through generations. High blood pressure and coronary artery disease, both of which increase the risk of heart failure, often run in families.
To determine if a heart disease is inherited (which can contribute to heart failure), a thorough family history, which includes collecting information about the medical history of each family member, especially if someone in the family has a heart condition, has died suddenly, or died other heart-related medical problems.If youIf you
People with immediate family members who have an autosomal dominant condition such as heart disease have a 50% risk of inheriting the genetic mutation that causes them.If youIf you
Other hereditary diseases that can lead to heart failure include: If youIf you
- high blood pressure
- Coronary heart disease
- Metabolic syndrome
- History of rheumatic fever
- Family history of cardiomyopathy
Heart failure symptoms
Common symptoms of heart failure are:If youIf you
- Dyspnea (shortness of breath) at rest, asleep; Difficulty breathing when lying flat on your back
- Persistent coughing or wheezing that produces white or blood-stained mucus
- Fluid build-up in your legs, ankles, feet, or stomach and sudden weight gain
- Fatigue, where simple activities make you feel tired all the time
- Loss of appetite or nausea
- Confusion or memory loss
- Increased pulse
If you have a family history of heart disease or have any of these symptoms, call your doctor and seek medical help.
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic heart disease that was transmitted from an affected parent. The condition involves a thickening of the heart muscle in the muscle wall that separates the left ventricle from the right ventricle. This obstructs blood flow from the heart, which can lead to a heart murmur (an abnormal heart sound).If youIf you
Symptoms even vary between members with the disorder in the same family. While some may not show symptoms, others may experience chest pain, shortness of breath, especially after any type of physical activity, palpitations, lightheadedness, dizziness, and fainting.If youThis condition can cause life-threatening arrhythmias, sudden death, and heart failure.If youIf you
Familial extended cardiomyopathy
Familial dilated cardiomyopathy, also a genetic form of heart disease, affects the muscle tissue of the heart (the myocardium), which becomes thin and weakened in at least one ventricle.If youThis leads to the fact that the open area of the chamber is enlarged (expanded). The heart can no longer pump blood as efficiently as it used to. To compensate for this, the heart tries to increase the amount of blood pumped through the heart, which leads to further thinning and weakening of the heart muscle. Over time, this condition leads to heart failure.
Familial dilated cardiomyopathy affects both adults and children. The genetic form of this condition accounts for 40% of all cases of dilated cardiomyopathy.If youIt usually takes many years for symptoms of familial dilated cardiomyopathy to cause health problems. Symptoms usually begin in mid-adulthood, but can appear at any time from infancy through late adulthood.
Signs of this disease are arrhythmia, tiredness, shortness of breath, fainting, and swelling of the lower extremities. In some cases, the first sign of the disorder is sudden cardiac death. The severity of the disease varies between people, even within the same family.If youIf you
Congenital heart defects
Congenital heart disease includes any structural abnormality of the heart that occurs in the womb and occurs at birth. Heart failure is a leading cause of death in people with the disease.If youIf you
One possible cause of congenital heart disease is a viral disease that the mother carries during pregnancy. Some heart defects can be linked to alcohol and drug abuse. Sometimes the condition can be passed.
Structural cardiac abnormalities are common in newborns, occurring in 10 infants per 1,000 live births.If youCongenital heart disease may not be apparent in infancy. More than a quarter of congenital heart diagnoses occur when the child is older or later in adulthood.
As a result of advances in surgery for complex congenital heart diseases, survival rates for children have improved. The survival rate for newborns is 90%, with 96% of children with congenital heart disease surviving their first birthday and reaching the age of 16.If youThe median survival age for adults with this condition increased from 37 years in 2002 to 57 years in 2007.
Diabetes and heart failure are closely related, especially in people with conserved ejection fraction (the left ventricle cannot properly fill with blood during the filling phase). People with diabetes are at higher risk of developing heart failure, and vice versa.If youIf you
The risk of developing heart failure in people with diabetes is high because of the abnormal cardiac metabolism of glucose and free fatty acids in these people. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels and the nerves that control the heart, increasing the risk of heart failure.
People with diabetes usually have other conditions like high blood pressure and high LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, which can contribute to an increased risk of heart failure.If youAntidiabetic drugs can also increase the risk of hospitalization and death for heart failure in people with diabetes, with or without pre-existing heart failure.If youIf you
Arrhythmias occur when the heart beats irregularly – either too fast or too slowly. Of the many heart diseases, arrhythmia is the most common.
Heart failure patients are prone to arrhythmias. A 2017 study found that six million people in the United States have heart failure and hospitalizations are often associated with supraventricular arrhythmias (SVA) that occur in the atria or over the ventricles.If youIf you
Factors that can cause arrhythmias include:
- A recent heart attack
- Scarred heart from a previous heart attack
- Heart disease
- high blood pressure
- Clogged arteries
- Thyroid disease
- Heavy stress
- Some medications and supplements
- Substance abuse
- Excessive caffeine and alcohol consumption
Hypertension or high blood pressure can increase the risk of heart failure due to the narrowing and blockage of the blood vessels that are common in the condition. When blood is pushed through inelastic and narrowed arteries, the workload on the heart increases. Over time, the heart thickens and becomes enlarged and pumps blood around the body less efficiently.If youIf you
Genes can play a role in high blood pressure. Familial hypertension combined with poor diet and smoking can also increase the risk.If youIf you
In 2016, 82,735 deaths were attributed to high blood pressure. The death rate increased by 18% in 10 years from 2006 to 2016.If youIf you
Heart failure can also be caused by other medical conditions, including:
- Cardiac overload
- Infections such as viral infections such as rubella and systemic viral infections such as HIV, which can progressively damage the heart
- Alcohol or drug abuse
- Chemotherapy drugs
- Sleep apnea
- Toxic exposure
If you experience chest pain, shortness of breath, or similar symptoms, see a doctor immediately.
A word from Verywell
Heart failure has been linked to a number of hereditary conditions such as high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, and complications from diabetes. Let your doctor know about your family’s medical history and possible hereditary diseases, and follow recommended instructions for medical treatment and lifestyle adjustments to minimize your risk of heart failure.