HealthDay News – Obesity is a powerful, independent risk factor for poor outcomes in COVID-19 patients, according to a study published July 1 in the European Journal of Endocrinology.
Matteo Rottoli, MD of the University of Bologna in Italy, and colleagues evaluated whether body mass index (BMI) was a risk factor for respiratory failure, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and death in 482 consecutive COVID-19 patients admitted to hospital were admitted from March 1 to April 20, 2020.
The researchers found that 21.6 percent of the patients had a BMI ≥ 30 kg / m². A BMI between 30 and 34.9 kg / m² increased the risk of respiratory failure (odds ratio, 2.32) and admission to the intensive care unit (odds ratio, 4.96) significantly. There was also a significantly higher risk of death in patients with a BMI ≥ 35 kg / m² (odds ratio, 12.1).
“Our study has shown that every level of obesity is linked to severe COVID-19 disease and suggests that people with mild obesity should also be identified as at-risk populations,” Rottoli said in a statement.
Abstract / full text